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How To Remove Malware

There are plenty of cases every day where systems become infected with malicious software, and it happens to almost everyone at some point. Most malware today is rather sophisticated compared to past years. Previously, malware simply created popup ads and toolbars and other programs, making it mostly a nuisance but largely harmless. Today however, malware comes with many dangerous qualities such as potential ransomware, system access blocking, and defence disabling.

Malware can infect a computer by any number of ways, but there are 3 main ones to be aware of; phishing, targeted attack, and bundled installs. Phishing is by far the most common form of injection, having risen over 250% since this period last year alone. All phishing attacks occur through the same method; a fake page or email linking to an automatic download. Most businesses have a special contact number or email where you can forward any of these attacks, as emails are the most common; HMRC, Amazon, PayPal and many more are common targets for phishing.

Bundled installs are the next main candidate for malware injections, where the malware is included in a legitimate install of software. This mostly happens in the form of toolbars, media players, and torrents, but anything is susceptible. It's crucial that the user check all pages of an install before clicking through, as most of these attacks have 'default on' for the bundled malware. Easily avoided, but also easily missed.

The least likely way of receiving malware is through a targeted attack; where a malicious user directly targets the host to remotely install malware such as a keylogger or bloatware. These are much rarer than any other attack, and are usually flagged up by the hosts firewall.

If the system does contain malware, it's important to not use it for anything important, such as banking. Malware often contains keyloggers, recording and remotely uploading a users passwords and typing history to a remote server. The best first step is always to disconnect the machine from the network, and to use another machine for troubleshooting.

Malware in 2017 often blocks access to antivirus, firewall, and security programs in order to remain on the system as long as possible. Not to worry; a format is very rarely needed.

The first step for everyone is to reboot the computer into 'Safe Mode' through the BIOS config. This can usually be accomplished by mashing the DEL key during boot and navigating to BOOT SETTINGS. Do not use 'Safe Mode With Networking' as it still allows transfer over the local and internet networks.

After this, the Windows PC will appear like Windows 95, but don't worry, it's supposed to be like that. Then, navigate to your recent downloads, and see which package installed the malware. If there is no download, check in C:/ to see which folders have been recently modified; the malware will often hide within a known safe folder. It should be easy to identify which file contains the malware, but if not then use Google to search for the specific popups the system received, there is always a post with someone explaining the location.

Delete this file in safe mode, and run a program such as CCleaner to remove all trace. It's also worth checking 'Add or Remove Programs' to see if toolbars or unknown bloatware has been installed. After this, type run into the search function in the windows menu, then navigate to devmgmt.msc and regedit.msc. Restore your registry to a previous version using regedit, and save this as a seperate version. Then use Device Manager to scan for hardware changes, once again saving as you go. you will be prompted to restart, but before you do this, run the registry cleanup tool from CCleaner, and then restart.

That's all there is to it, and if these steps don't fix the problem, then check Stack Overflow for more advice; their error and malware reporting is monumental.

What Would Happen If The Internet Died?

The equivalent of a water-cooler conversation for the 21st century, what would happen if the internet simply stopped existing? Now this is purely hypothetical, because the internet as we know it could always recover no matter what happened, but it's an interesting thought. What if servers and computers around the world could no longer communicate with each other? What would the world do?

In an abstract world, this is a very minor possibility; connections could always be remade, and servers come back online, but if it permanently 'switched off' as it were, the world would suffer. Almost all businesses rely on the internet in one way or another, and having a sudden loss of communication would decimate businesses worldwide.

There would be a sudden massive influx of jobs for the world, which, in one way, would be good for people. You would need so many more people to run phone lines, services, and organize.

The first industries to fall would be those based solely online, such as Amazon and EBay. Their networks would be destroyed, and their entire business model would crumble overnight. Stock markets would also collapse, as there would be so little information able to be shared compared to what people are used to. No more real time updates on current affairs, and no more global communication of current events without TV or radio; the world would slow down.

Advertising and marketing agencies would slowly fall, as their business models rely heavily on internet connections. They would fall slower than online only businesses, as some advertising could still be done by post, radio, or TV. But how would you get the adverts to the stations? The infrastructure has been left by the wayside for many years now, and is in a state of true disrepair, if many even still exist at all.

News outlets would thrive for a while, as they would be the only form of media available to many people for current affairs, but there would be little in the way of visuals as information would have to be physically transferred. The flip side of this is that many people are used to having live images and the latest visual news broadcasted directly to them, and reporting the news with no photos or videos is much less interesting than otherwise.

Industries like healthcare and universities would suffer heavily, as little information could be shared on request. No more looking things up online, like a diagnosis or treatment record, so it is likely that many people would pass away from inadequate healthcare. In universities they rely so heavily on the internet, or even intranet, that many research projects simply could not be completed. Libraries today are massively underfunded, meaning so much information would simply be lost to the ether.

Banks would struggle the most, as physical cash would be a premium resource. No more online banking or sharing of assets between accounts. Banks simply don't have the cash that their assets add up to, they haven't in a long time; this would likely lead to rioting and mass panic as people cannot access their own money.

Remember, this is a hypothetical, but if it did happen, most of society as we have become accustomed to would crumble. Industries would slow down to lack of communication, and millions of people would be out of jobs while others would be pushed into jobs that they are untrained for. There is a generation of people who have always had access to the internet, and they are now becoming those working in most sectors. The only saving grace is that more people would be eating local food, as most import-export relies on the internet, so there's that.